Every country has its own unique problems as there is hardly any that have none. What differentiates these problems is the gravity of the issues involved. Sri Lanka too has its share of problems which as an "underdeveloped" country is greater than usual. This essay does not pretend to provide a solution for all these problems. However there is one problem which is of the utmost gravity as it touches on the very existence of the country as a unified and relatively peaceful one. This is the demand that a section of the country should be carved out as a racial homeland for the Tamils, a minority ethnic group whose numbers have been dwindling of late.