KAPILAVATTHU: BIRTH, YOUTH, AND EARLY DOUBTS
(i) BIRTH AND EARLY YOUTH
Jtaka Commentary, Introduction (Nidna-kath), Record of the
Less-distant Past (Avidre-nidna), YN, 49ff.
§ 1. [JN, p- 49-] ... [At certain periods] men do not understand the [individual] existence, decay, and death of beings (sattnam jtijar-maranni);7 and the triple pearls of the doctrine (dhamma-desan) of the Buddhas is not taught, and when the Buddhas speak of transience, of sorrow, and of the absence of a permanent self (anicca-dukkham. -anatt ti) men will not listen or believe, but say[#004]'What do they talk of?' At such periods there is no comprehension and instruction would be without result .(a-niyyanikam sasanam hoti) ... [At other periods] the teaching of the Dhamma (Law) is effective....
§ ii. UN, p. 49.] ... ‘The Indian continent (Jambudipo) is large, ten thousand leagues in extent (dasa yojana-sahassa-parintanam). Now in which country do the Buddhas appear?' . . . The Middle land (Majjhimar-deso)s is thus defined in the Vinaya (Vinaya vutto padeso): 'On the east the township (nigamo) Kajangala, and beyond it Mahslas ... ; on the south-east the river Salalavati to. . . ; on the south, I. the township Setannika ... ;on the west the Brahman village, § iii. Thuna ... ; and on the north the Usiraddhaja mountain.... In this country the Buddhas,14-the solitary Buddhas's (Pacceka-buddha), the Chief Disciples, the eighty great disciples,16 the world-monarch,17 and other leaders, great men of the martial caste, of the Brahman caste,18 and wealthy, householders19 are born. Herein is the city of Kapila-vatthu (Kapilavatthukam nama nagaram).....[#005]